Sunday 30 December 2001

Dear Jaspers,

The jasper jottings email list has 993 subscribers by my count. I need “new blood” so please mention us to your fellow alums.

Don't forget: … …  (I just got my new McKit from MC)

Wednesday 02 Jan 02 5:30 PM - Harvard pre-game reception
             call Doug Edmond ’84 at 617-434-2809

Saturday 12 Jan 02 6PM – Marist pre-game reception
             call Bob Nasser ’67 at 845-435-7132 or
                   Tom Hoban ’89 at 212-815-6776

Thursday Jan 17 (Correcting typo last week) – De La Salle Medal dinner
             call Christine Stogel at 718-862-7837

Thursday 17 Jan 02 6:45 PM – Sienna pre-game reception
             call Dan Kelleher ’77 at 518-439-4768

Saturday 19 Jan 02 – Family Day
             call Grace Feeney at 718-862-8013


ALL BOILER PLATE is at the end.

Signing off for this week.

Well, just as last week, here goes another attempt to "engage" the readership. When some how my feeling that at Christmas perhaps we should see the wastefulness and errors of our ways when dead soldiers of either side should be recognized as causing sadness to their loved ones, some way some how that gets transmuted into a lack of loyalty to American Republic. Next, it'll be I condone or excuse 911. Wow, I now have the privilege of strolling by Ground Zero twice daily. If that doesn't cause you to pause, nothing will. If recognition of the horror counts for anything, then we all should be looking very closely at what has led us here. Forgive the misguided fools who drove a plane into those buildings, sure. Excuse their stupidity, never. Look for "lessons learned", absolutely.

Now on to this week's outrage. Don't get me wrong. Rudy Giuliani behaved admirably on Sept. 11 and has given New Yorkers a sense of confidence in the wake of the worst disaster to hit America in peacetime.

But does he deserve to be named Time's Person of the Year? Maybe, maybe not. Is it a great thing for the College to have Rudy known as an alum. Maybe, maybe not. Is he an icon representing the true heros of 911 -- the 300 or so firemen who entered that building, probably. Is he representing the city composed of all the "little people" who died, suffered, or sacrificed that day or the days following, probably.

I thought when Time was rumored to be considering OBL that the topic was trivial then. And, I think it is the same now. Just designed to sell "liberal" magazines. I would have preferred them to put Bemer on the cover as an inspiration to the American militia, that’s us. People seemed, based on some of the aircraft incidents now being reported, to have an understanding what the Dead Old White Guys meant by militia now.

Closing the 2001 Jasper Jottings file, I would like to wish everyone a Happy New Year.

Reflect well on our alma mater, this week, every week, in any and every way possible, large or small. God bless.

"Collector-in-chief" John



        2      Formal announcements
        0      Messages from Headquarters (MC Press Releases)
        1      Jaspers publishing web pages
        2      Jaspers found web-wise
        0      Honors
        0      Weddings
        0      Births
        0      Engagements
        0      Graduations
        2      Obits
        3      "Manhattan in the news" stories
        0      Resumes
        3      Sports
        15     Emails






Ryan, Tom



Sheehan, George


1941 BA

Rigney, Thomas G.


1947 BA

Moran, James A. Jr.


1950 BA

Power, Pierce


1951 BA

Helm, Robert A.



Plumeau, Ed


1956 BEE

La Blanc, Robert E.


1964 BChE

Keating, Kevin



Giuliani, Rudy


1966 BEE

Orawiec, Frank


1967 BEE

Colavita, Michael P.


1969 BS

Dudick, Anthony L.



Keilly, John


1970 BME

Keilly, John



Oshea, John



Zuccaro, Rich


1974 BEE

McLeod, Don



Coppo, Joseph John



Piantino, Preston


1977 MEChE

Zbacnik, Raymond Eric



Schenk, Charlie


1983 MBA

Burke, Andrew


1986 BEEE

Chiaffitelli, Andrea E



Prosperino, Robert


2000 BS Econ

Kavanagh, Ken








1983 MBA

Burke, Andrew


1986 BEEE

Chiaffitelli, Andrea E


1967 BEE

Colavita, Michael P.



Coppo, Joseph John


1969 BS

Dudick, Anthony L.



Giuliani, Rudy


1951 BA

Helm, Robert A.


2000 BS Econ

Kavanagh, Ken


1964 BChE

Keating, Kevin



Keilly, John


1970 BME

Keilly, John


1956 BEE

La Blanc, Robert E.


1974 BEE

McLeod, Don


1947 BA

Moran, James A. Jr.


1966 BEE

Orawiec, Frank



Oshea, John



Piantino, Preston



Plumeau, Ed


1950 BA

Power, Pierce



Prosperino, Robert


1941 BA

Rigney, Thomas G.



Ryan, Tom



Schenk, Charlie



Sheehan, George


1977 MEChE

Zbacnik, Raymond Eric



Zuccaro, Rich






Bunge Appoints Andrew Burke Managing Director of Soy Ingredients Business


WHITE PLAINS, N.Y., Dec 20, 2001 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- Bunge Limited (NYSE: BG) today announced the appointment of Andrew J. Burke to the position of Managing Director of the company's soy ingredients business and new business development.

Burke, who will be based at Bunge Limited's corporate headquarters in White Plains, NY, will report to Chairman and CEO Alberto Weisser, and serve as a member of the Bunge Executive Committee.

Soy ingredients, which include isolated soy proteins, protein concentrates, and lecithins, are used in a variety of products, including meat, bakery and nutraceutical foods. The company estimates that the global market for isolated soy proteins will reach $1.7 billion in 2001, and will grow at a rate of 10% per year for the next five years. Bunge is one of three major manufacturers of isolated soy proteins in the world.

"The soy-based food ingredients market is growing very quickly. Bunge intends to capitalize on this growth and expand our market share," stated Alberto Weisser, CEO of Bunge Limited. "Having Andrew Burke on our team will enable Bunge to grow this business on a global level and better coordinate our outstanding personnel and technological assets."

Burke previously served as U.S. CEO of Degussa, the German chemical concern. He joined Degussa in 1983, where he held a variety of finance and marketing positions, and also served as COO of its U.S. Chemicals Group. Prior to joining Degussa he worked for Beecham Pharmaceuticals and Price Waterhouse & Company. He is a graduate of Villanova University, holds a CPA license and earned an MBA from Manhattan College.

Bunge manufactures soy ingredients in Brazil and Argentina and sells them to over twenty countries worldwide. The company's isolated soy protein facility in Esteio (RG), Brazil is the only facility of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere.

About Bunge Limited

Bunge Limited ( is an integrated, global agribusiness and food company operating in the farm-to-consumer food chain with primary operations in North and South America and worldwide distribution capabilities. Headquartered in White Plains, New York, Bunge has over 17,000 employees and operations in 17 countries. The Company is the largest processor of soybeans in the Americas and the largest producer and supplier of fertilizers to farmers in Latin America.

Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

<extraneous deleted>

CONTACT: Bunge Limited Hunter Smith, 914/684-2800

Copyright (C) 2001 Business Wire. All rights reserved.

[MCOLDB: 1983 MBA]




Copyright 2001 PR Newswire Association, Inc.  
December 20, 2001, Thursday
HEADLINE: Zaplet Appoints Enterprise Software Veteran Tom Ryan to Lead Global Field Operations

    Zaplet Inc., an enterprise software company, announced today that Tom Ryan has been named senior vice president of worldwide field operations.  Ryan joins Zaplet with more than 17 years of experience in high-technology software sales and services, and is responsible for spearheading the company's global sales, support, professional services, education and training. 

    "Tom Ryan is a proven leader with extensive experience building field organizations and an outstanding track record of revenue growth," said Alan Baratz, CEO of Zaplet.  "He will be a tremendous asset as we build market share and fulfill customer demand for Zaplet Appmail Suite." 

    "Zaplet is completely transforming collaboration in the enterprise and across the supply chain, by delivering innovative technology that leverages the inbox to streamline business processes and drive significant gains in productivity and efficiency," said Ryan.  "I am very excited about joining such a strong company and look forward to working with Zaplet's talented field operations teams as we focus on helping customers drive greater business value using Zaplet Appmail Suite." 

    Prior to joining Zaplet, Ryan served as the senior vice president of Americas Sales at Manugistics Group, Inc., a leading supplier of supply chain management and pricing optimization software and service solutions. There he led a sales organization across multiple vertical industries and grew software and services revenues to more than $200M annually.  Prior to Manugistics, Ryan was senior vice president of sales at Talus Solutions, which was later acquired by Manugistics.  In that role, Ryan built and managed a sales operation focused on rapid global growth and market expansion. Ryan also served as vice president of North American regional sales for Cadence Design Systems, Inc., and held various sales and engineering positions at Parker Hannifin Corp., and Grumman Aerospace. 

    Ryan received his bachelor's of science degree in Electrical Engineering from Manhattan College and studied for a master's degree in Electrical Engineering at New York Polytechnic University.

About Zaplet, Inc. 

    Zaplet, Inc. is an enterprise software company and creator of the Zaplet Appmail Suite, a server-based platform that combines the power, centralized control and robust security of traditional enterprise application systems with the convenience and ease-of-use of email. Zaplet(TM) appmail can be used to manage and streamline mission-critical business processes, requires no additional client-side upgrades and is instantly expandable to work teams beyond the enterprise. Zaplet is backed by world-class investors, including Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers; Integral Capital Partners; QuestMark Partners, L.P.; Accenture Technology Ventures; Cisco Systems, Inc.; Novell, Inc.; Oracle Corporation; and Research In Motion Limited (RIM). The company has received numerous awards, including the Red Herring 100, Enterprise Outlook Investors' Choice and Internet Outlook Investors' Choice. For more information, visit, e-mail, or call 650-620-2900. 

    NOTE:  Zaplet, the Zaplet logo, and all other Zaplet-based marks are trademarks of Zaplet, Inc. All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective holders.

SOURCE Zaplet Inc.

CONTACT: Joanna Rustin of Zaplet, Inc., +1-650-620-3970, or; or Lynne Krilich of OutCast Communications, +1-415-392-8282, or, for Zaplet, Inc.

LOAD-DATE: December 21, 2001 

[JR: Tom was featured as Announcement2 in Jasper Jottings 2001-05-18. I could figure out or find out what his year was then, and I don’t know now. Help?  ]



[Messages from Headquarters (Manhattan College Press Releases & Stuff)]

[No Releases]





[Web Page 1]

IEEE Fellow - James A. Moran, Jr.

James A. Moran, Jr. joined Nokia Cables in 1985, and retired in 1996 as President of Nokia Cables USA Inc. where he was responsible for marketing, customer service and administration of High Voltage Solid Dielectric Transmission Cable System Projects. Over his 49 year career, since attaining his Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Electrical Engineering from Manhattan College and New York University, he has been involved in virtually all aspects of high voltage cable engineering, manufacture and application.

Starting in 1947, he spent 25 years with Phelps Dodge Cable and Wire Co, (now BICC Cables) where his responsibilities included management of the application engineering department for high and extra-high voltage cable systems as well as customer and contractor training and supervision of field installations. He was responsible for designing, equipping and commissioning of the EHV Test Facility (now the EPRI Cable Test Facility), and for design production and testing of Phelps Dodge's 550 kV Pipe Type and 138 kV Solid Dielectric prototype submittals to the Waltz Mill demonstration testing programs.

From late 1973 to 1985 he was Manager of Underground Cable Systems Engineering at Power Technologies, Inc. (PTI), where among other diverse tutorial, consulting and research activities, he was project consultant to Cincinnati Gas & Electric Co. during planning, specifying and execution of their 138 kV Solid Dielectric system in the late 70's and early 80's, which, at 9 circuit miles, was until recently the largest rated above 69 kV in the United States. (The Nokia-furnished 115 kV system, installed in 1992 at Baltimore Gas & Electric Co., is now the largest at nearly 10 circuit miles.)

Mr. Moran is a Life Fellow of IEEE, former Chairman of Insulated Conductors Committee, Subcommittee 12, Tests and Measurements, a member of CIGRE, and author/co-author of numerous technical papers and articles, including co-authorship of the section on High Voltage Cable Engineering in the recent issues of the Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers. He was a reviewer and major contributor to the EPRI Underground Transmission System Reference Book

[MCOLDB: 1947 BA]





I was totally stunned when my "search" yielded the PMA website. I frequently reminisce about Power, and wonder "what happened to...?" I was deeply saddened, however, to read of the passing of Tony Dudick, valedictorian of the Class of '65. Although I never had contact with him after graduation, I remember him as a brilliant student and a genuinely great guy. In May '65, when hordes of reporters hurried to write their stories about Lew Alcindor's decision to attend UCLA, Dick Schaap, then a Herald Tribune reporter, penned a column entitled, "Big Man at Power High." The "big man" he wrote about, however, was an aspiring mathematician who would be attending Manhattan College, Tony Dudick. Amidst my Power memorabilia, I still have a copy of that column autographed by Tony. On a less somber note, in 1989 I attended open school night at the Hicksville Middle School. I was astounded to find that my son's English teacher was none other than Mr.(no longer Brother) Hendrickson. He still smokes like crazy!

John Gallessich
Hicksville, NY USA - Friday, September 22, 2000 at 15:08:30 (EDT)

[MCOLDB:  Anthony L. Dudick 1969 BS but not marked “L” or “D”]




Postsecondary Schools of VHS Alumni by State : New York

The following is list of the schools (by state) that Valhalla Alumni have either attended or are currently attending, and include graduate as well as undergraduate work.  They are listed alphabetically by the name of  the school which has a link to that institution's web page (if found), followed by the names of the alumni who attended.  The names will not be linked to the directory listings at this time although the VHS Class Year will appear after the names. 

Shawn Eisenbach (1999)
Preston Piantino (1973) [MCOLDB: 1977]
Robert Prosperino (1984) [MCOLDB: 1988 ]
Charlie Schenk (1977) [MCOLDB: 1983]




[No Honors]




[No Weddings]




[No Births]




[No Engagements]




[No Graduations]




[Collector's prayer: And, may perpetual light shine on our fellow departed Jaspers, and all the souls of the faithful departed.]

[Obit #1]

Thomas G. Rigney, M.D.

Thomas G. Rigney, M.D., of Garrison, died December 16, 1999 at Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia. He was 79.

Dr. Rigney was born on March 24, 1920 in NYC to Francis and Anne Rigney. He was raised in Elmhurst, Long Island, and graduated from Bishop Loughlin High School, Brooklyn. He also graduated from Manhattan College and from the Cornell University Medical School. Dr. Rigney was a Captain with the 10th Mountain Division, US Army during WW II. After service to his country, he worked in medicine for many years. He was an emergency room physician at Hudson Valley Hospital Center for many years, and was currently a physician at the Cadet Health Care Services at the US Military Academy at West Point. He volunteered as a coach and was very active with the Army Crew at West Point.

He married his wife, Marian Thompson, on October 17, 1976 in Montrose. He was a resident of Garrison for the past 22 years.

Besides his wife, survivors include a son, T. Glenn Rigney of Tallahassee, FL; a daughter, Alison Rigney of Tenafly, NJ; his sister, Janet Rigney of Somers, and 8 grandchildren.

Memorial services were held on Tuesday, December 21 at the Old Cadet Chapel at West Point. Interment followed at the West Point Cemetery.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made in memory of Dr. Rigney to the Army Rowing Association, c/o AOG, USMA, West Point, NY 10996.

[JR: This came up as new even though it looks old.]

[MCOLDB:  1941 BA]


[Obit #2]

Joseph John Coppo, 47, of New Canaan, Conn.: Vice-president of municipal bonds at Cantor Fitzgerald. He was born in New York and grew up in Baldwin Cove on Long Island. He graduated from Maria Regina High School and Manhattan College, where he was captain of the baseball team. He was involved in organizing and coaching youth sports and he was the president of the New Canaan Baseball Association. He leaves his wife, Patricia; daughter, Kathleen; and sons, Joseph III, Matthew, and John. "He was everybody's best friend. I know he was mine," his daughter said.






Studying the Life of a Doctor, an Athlete - and a Father;
By John Hanc

John Hanc is a regular contributor to Newsday.

December 24, 2001

IN HIS OFFICE, next to a shelf full of medical reference books and journals, physician Tom Scandalis keeps a picture of Dr. George Sheehan.

Scandalis, a professor of sports medicine and family practice at the New York Institute of Technology's College of Osteopathic Medicine in Old Westbury, first encountered Sheehan when he was in medical school and began reading his articles in popular magazines such as Runner's World and in books such as Sheehan's 1978 classic, "Running & Being." "I was inspired," said Scandalis, himself a runner and fitness devotee. "It was so straightforward and eloquent. ... I couldn't help but be affected."

It's an affecting story: A cardiologist by training and practice, Sheehan had been a track star at Manhattan College in the 1940s but then settled into a life of sedentary comforts; a life that most men of his generation aspired to. "Until I took up distance running," he wrote, "I found it easy to take it easy." But when he started venturing out on the roads around his home in Red Bank, N.J., in the mid-1960s, Sheehan went through a personal transformation. "I rewrote my life story," he would later write. "Running made me free. [It] let me start from scratch. Running was discovery, a return to the past, a proof that life did come full cycle, and the child was father to the man."

Sheehan used his running to get himself back into shape and then some - he became a top competitor in his age group in local races. But as that passage suggests, he also used it for a higher purpose - as a route to self-discovery. He began to write about his running-inspired ruminations in the local newspaper. His writings - deep, spiritual and laced with references to great philosophers and writers - struck a responsive chord among the many middle-aged Americans who were starting on their own paths toward physical fitness and a more active lifestyle. Sheehan became the guru for this emerging running and fitness movement, a best selling author and a national celebrity.

He also might have been lacking as a father.

That last piece of information has only been learned recently, according to one of his children. Sheehan died of prostate cancer in 1993 at the age of 74. In September of this year, 46-year-old Andrew Sheehan - the eighth of 12 Sheehan children - published "Chasing the Hawk: Looking for My Father, Finding Myself" (Delacorte Press, $23.95). The title refers to the elder Sheehan's nickname - earned, his son says, because of his "great, hawklike nose" - and the book eloquently and painfully recounts Andrew's problematic relationship with his father, how the elder Sheehan was seduced by celebrity, Andrew's anger over George Sheehan's abandonment of his mother after he became famous, the son's subsequent descent into alcoholism and, finally, his recovery and their reconciliation before the elder Sheehan's death.

The book has been widely praised and deservedly so - although the accolades seem to come not from people in the running and fitness world, but from literati such as Frank McCourt, Peter Quinn and Caroline Knapp, most of whom focus on what Knapp calls a "painful story ... about missed connections, fallible parents, the currents of rage and longing that both separate and bind family members." Yet, some reviewers have also chosen to criticize, even denigrate the elder Sheehan. One particularly nasty review, in The New York Times Book Review, praised the book but practically laughed out loud at the doctor's thirst for fame. To "prove" how transient that was and how obscure he is today (something that many would debate), the reviewer took an informal poll of acquaintances, none of whom claimed to have ever heard of George Sheehan.

While grateful for the favorable review, the idea that his father's reputation is being tarnished has hurt Andrew Sheehan. "It broke my heart that my book was used to ridicule my father," Sheehan said.

"Chasing the Hawk" deserves the praise it has received, but it seems also that George Sheehan, whatever his failings as a father, does not deserve to be diminished in the process. So while we would recommend a reading of his son's book, we would equally urge a reading, or re-reading of, some of the father's works, writings that were so inspirational to so many that, a year after his death, Runner's World magazine was still publishing - by popular demand - columns that he had penned years, even decades earlier.

"George Sheehan was the most popular writer and columnist ever at Runner's World," says Amby Burfoot, the magazine's editor. "He touched our readers in many, many ways." The posthumously published columns ran in the magazine under the heading "The Wisdom of George Sheehan." And make no mistake about it. While Sheehan may have been a cold, distant father and a less-than perfect husband, his writings are wise and also wonderfully inspirational for people who want to achieve health and fitness, as well as for those whose job it is - or at least in Sheehan's view, should be - to help promote that pursuit. "I don't think there's anyone who had more influence on a whole generation of exercise specialists than Sheehan," Scandalis said. "[He] not only came from the medical world, he saw its limitations. He was thinking outside the box, and he was absolutely ahead of his time."

"In our community, George is held in very, very high regard," says Dr. Steven Jonas, a professor of preventive medicine at the SUNY Stony Brook School of Medicine. Jonas, who knew Sheehan, gave what amounted to a professional eulogy for him at a meeting of the American Medical Joggers Association in New York the year after he died. "I think George was extremely important in public health. He talked about the role of exercise in that it helped the whole person," Jonas said. "It would have been nice if he was a better father, but it's irrelevant, compared to what he did to promote health in this country."

In the end, maybe he wasn't such a bad guy after all - even to his troubled son. "My father eventually saw beyond fame, money and prestige," Andrew Sheehan said. "He became the empathetic and compassionate person he had been all along. I know, because one person who felt that compassion was me. When my marriage fell apart and I quit drinking, he was my greatest source of support and wisdom. He helped save my life."

And probably a few others along the way.

'A Campaign, a Revolution, a Conversion'

FROM HIS FIRST BOOK, "Dr. Sheehan on Running" in 1975, to his posthumously published "Going the Distance" in 1995, Dr. George Sheehan wrote eight books and thousands of newspaper and magazine articles. In 1998, Second Wind Press reissued his most famous work, "Running & Being" in a special 20th anniversary edition. Here's one of the memorable passages from that book - about how Sheehan started his own running program in his 40s - that inspired a generation of Americans to get up and get moving:

"My fitness program succeeded because it was absurd. It was nonsense for someone my age to decide to become an athlete. Purely preposterous to concentrate the intensity and involvement that I once felt for the life of a physician into the life of a distance runner. Ridiculous to make running my vocation and medicine my avocation. But then my fitness program was never a fitness program. It was a campaign, a revolution, a conversion. I was determined to find myself. And in the process, I found my body and the soul that went with it. For me, medicine was an illusion that had failed. I was seeking a new world, where I could live and create my own drama. I found it in running."

Copyright © 2001, Newsday, Inc.

[JR: I don’t know the class year. Help?]




Eco Data Recovery - Customers

Corporations Government Institutions Educational Institutions Medical / Financial

[JR: Guess what school shows up as a customer?]




Copyright 2001 Time Inc.  
December 31, 2001
HEADLINE: Mayor Of The World; Tough and smart, sure. But who knew about Rudy's big heart? Here's how a very human man taught us super-human courage
BYLINE: Eric Pooley, With Reporting by Amanda Ripley/New York

Sixteen hours had passed since the Twin Towers crumbled and fell, and people kept telling Rudy Giuliani to get some rest. The indomitable mayor of New York City had spent the day and night holding his town together. He arrived at the World Trade Center just after the second plane hit, watched human beings drop from the sky and--when the south tower imploded--nearly got trapped inside his makeshift command center near the site. Then he led a battered platoon of city officials, reporters and civilians north through the blizzard of ash and smoke, and a detective jimmied open the door to a firehouse so the mayor could revive his government there. Giuliani took to the airwaves to calm and reassure his people, made a few hundred rapid-fire decisions about the security and rescue operations, toured hospitals to comfort the families of the missing and made four more visits to the apocalyptic attack scene.

Now, around 2:30 a.m., Giuliani walked into the Upper East Side apartment of Howard Koeppel and his longtime partner, Mark Hsiao. Koeppel, a friend and supporter of Giuliani's, had been lending the mayor a bedroom suite since June, when Giuliani separated from his second wife, Donna Hanover, and moved out of Gracie Mansion. His suit still covered with ash, Giuliani hugged Koeppel, dropped into a chair and turned on the television--actually watching the full, ghastly spectacle for the first time. He left the TV on through the night in case the terrorists struck again, and he parked his muddy boots next to the bed in case he needed to head out fast. But he was not going to be doing any sleeping. Lying in bed, with the skyscrapers exploding over and over again on his TV screen, he pulled out a book--Churchill, the new biography by Roy Jenkins--turned straight to the chapters on World War II and drank in the Prime Minister's words: I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.

There is a bright magic at work when one great leader reaches into the past and finds another waiting to guide him. From midmorning on Sept. 11, when Giuliani and fellow New Yorkers were fleeing for their lives, the mayor had been thinking of Churchill. "I was so proud of the people I saw on the street," he says now. "No chaos, but they were frightened and confused, and it seemed to me that they needed to hear from my heart where I thought we were going. I was trying to think, Where can I go for some comparison to this, some lessons about how to handle it? So I started thinking about Churchill, started thinking that we're going to have to rebuild the spirit of the city, and what better example than Churchill and the people of London during the Blitz in 1940, who had to keep up their spirit during this sustained bombing? It was a comforting thought."

With the President out of sight for most of that day, Giuliani became the voice of America. Every time he spoke, millions of people felt a little better. His words were full of grief and iron, inspiring New York to inspire the nation. "Tomorrow New York is going to be here," he said. "And we're going to rebuild, and we're going to be stronger than we were before...I want the people of New York to be an example to the rest of the country, and the rest of the world, that terrorism can't stop us."

Sept. 11 was the day that Giuliani was supposed to begin the inevitable slide toward irrelevancy. It was primary-election day in the city, when people would go to the polls to begin choosing his successor. After two terms, his place in history seemed secure: great mayor, not-so-great guy. The first Republican to run the town in a generation, he had restored New York's spirit, cutting crime by two-thirds, moving 691,000 people off the welfare rolls, boosting property values and incomes in neighborhoods rich and poor, redeveloping great swaths of the city. But great swaths of the city were sick of him. People were tired of his Vesuvian temper and constant battles--against his political enemies, against some of his own appointees, against the media and city-funded museums, against black leaders and street vendors and jaywalkers and finally even against his own wife. His marriage to television personality Donna Hanover was a war: ugly headlines, dueling press conferences. Giuliani's girlfriend, a pharmaceutical-sales manager named Judith Nathan, had helped him get through a battle against prostate cancer, and his struggle touched off a wave of concern and appreciation for him. But most New Yorkers seemed ready for Rudy and Judi to leave the stage together and melt into the crowd.

Fate had another idea. When the day of infamy came, Giuliani seized it as if he had been waiting for it all his life, taking on half a dozen critical roles and performing each masterfully. Improvising on the fly, he became America's homeland-security boss, giving calm, informative briefings about the attacks and the extraordinary response. He was the gutsy decision maker, balancing security against symbolism, overruling those who wanted to keep the city buttoned up tight, pushing key institutions--from the New York Stock Exchange to Major League Baseball--to reopen and prove that New Yorkers were getting on with life. He was the crisis manager, bringing together scores of major players from city, state and federal governments for marathon daily  meetings that got everyone working together. And he was the consoler in chief, strong enough to let his voice brim with pain, compassion and love. When he said "the number of casualties will be more than any of us can bear," he showed a side of himself most people had never seen.

Giuliani's performance ensures that he will be remembered as the greatest mayor in the city's history, eclipsing even his hero, Fiorello La Guardia, who guided Gotham through the Great Depression. Giuliani's eloquence under fire has made him a global symbol of healing and defiance. World leaders from Vladimir Putin to Nelson Mandela to Tony Blair have come to New York to tour ground zero by his side. French President Jacques Chirac dubbed him "Rudy the Rock." As Jenkins, author of the biography that inspired Giuliani on the night of Sept. 11, told TIME, "What Giuliani succeeded in doing is what Churchill succeeded in doing in the dreadful summer of 1940: he managed to create an illusion that we were bound to win."


When he thinks about Churchill's wartime words, Giuliani now says, "I wonder how much of it was bluff." Three months to the day since the towers fell, he is riding with Time in his big tan SUV as it steers through the maze of cement barricades, switchbacks and checkpoints that lead into the heart of ground zero. "A lot of it had to be bluff," he says. "Churchill could not have known England was going to prevail. He hoped it, but there was no way he could know."

He is asked the obvious question: How much of his confidence on Sept. 11 was bluff?

"Some," he says matter-of-factly. "Look, in a crisis you have to be optimistic. When I said the spirit of the city would be stronger, I didn't know that. I just hoped it. There are parts of you that say, Maybe we're not going to get through this." He pauses. "You don't listen to them." He climbs out of the SUV and looks around. "It's still amazing," he says.

From here on West Street, inside the high fences and past the tourist throngs, ground zero looks like a huge, patriotic construction site--flags on the cranes, flags on the hard hats, flags on the huge white domes that house the mess hall and the EPA decontamination stalls. But your eye finds the last standing chunk of the north-tower facade (it would be removed in a few days) and the stump of twisted, melted steel that used to be 6 World Trade Center and the pit where corpses are still being recovered, and then the place looks like what it is--a mass grave. "This is the most emotional spot for me," Giuliani says, waving a hand in the street, "because this is where I was that morning." He points straight overhead, where the north tower used to be. "I looked up and saw a man jump out--above the fire, must have been at least 100 stories--and my eye followed him, almost transfixed, all the way down. He hit the top of that building," he says, pointing to what's left of 6 WTC. "Over there"--he gestures a few feet down the street--"is where the guys had their command post set up." The guys were the fire department's top brass: Chief of Department Pete Ganci, Commissioner Tommy Von Essen, First Deputy Commissioner Bill Feehan and Special Operations Chief Ray Downey. All except Von Essen are now dead. Giuliani takes three quick steps up the street. "I saw Father Judge here." Mychal Judge, the fire department chaplain, was heading toward the towers when he passed Giuliani. "I reached across and grabbed his hand and said what I always said to him, 'Pray for us, Father.' He smiled--he always had a big, confident smile--and said, 'I always do.' I followed him with my eyes, and he walked right down there." He points to the vanished north tower. Judge was killed by falling debris minutes later, either while administering last rites to a victim or immediately after. "You relive it," Giuliani says now. "You can't help but relive it."

"'Scuse me, Mayor, would you sign my hat?" The workman is extremely big, extremely dirty and just a little bit awestruck. He holds out a scuffed white hard hat, and Giuliani smiles. "I would love to," the mayor says, and by the time he has done so, 10 more guys with 10 more hats are waiting in line. It's like this everywhere Giuliani goes these days. The mayor, who leaves office Jan. 1, draws one long, loud thank-you from the people of his city. "Rudy, way to go!" calls Dwayne Dent, 37, an African-American ironworker. "You're about the greatest mayor ever, ain'tcha?" Giuliani gives him a melancholy smile. It's nice to be loved, but at times the cost is, as he predicted, more than he can bear.


That is a moronic question," Giuliani hisses. "That is an absolutely moronic question." The mayor is standing in the street on a dusty hillside in Gilo, a West Jerusalem enclave where 21 Israelis have been hit by Palestinian mortar and sniper fire in the past 15 months. Giuliani is in Israel to show his support after the spate of suicide bombings--and to soak up adulation everywhere he goes--but right now he's sniping at a reporter who has just asked him whether he is frightened to be here. "Moronic!" the mayor repeats. The reporter says he has a right to ask the question. "And I have a right to point out that it is an absolutely moronic question!" Giuliani snaps. "If I were scared, I wouldn't be here." He stomps off.

It's good to see the old Rudy again. All the grieving, all the gratitude, all the valedictory warmth that have been showering the mayor cannot obscure his pugilist's heart. The old Rudy resurfaced on Sept. 22, when Giuliani fired a counterterrorism specialist named Jerry Hauer--whom he had recruited just eight days earlier--because Hauer appeared at a press conference with a Democratic rival. The old Rudy showed up again on Oct. 11, when the mayor returned a $ 10 million check from Saudi Prince al-Waleed bin Talal, who had suggested that America should rethink its support for Israel. And he was seen frequently all that month as Giuliani made a bid to extend his term as mayor and slapped down those who questioned the purity of his motives. If he had found a way to get on the ballot, he would have won in a landslide. That's because Giuliani had saved New York twice: the first time, in the mid-1990s, through sheer toughness--asserting control over a crime-ridden city--and the second time, after Sept. 11, through a mix of toughness and soul. Each time, he gave the city the part of him it needed.

Giuliani has spent his adult life searching for missions impossible enough to suit his extravagant sense of self. A child of Brooklyn who was raised in a family of fire fighters, cops and criminals--five uncles in the uniformed services, an ex-con father and a Mob-connected uncle who ran a loan-sharking operation--he chose the path of righteousness and turned his life into a war against evil as he defined it. As a U.S. Attorney in New York during the 1980s, Giuliani was perhaps the most effective prosecutor in the country, locking up Mafia bosses, crooked politicians and Wall Street inside traders, though his vindictiveness and thirst for publicity led to troubling excesses. In 1987, for instance, his men arrested two stockbrokers in their offices, then handcuffed and perp-walked them past the TV cameras; later he quietly dropped the charges against them. But by 1993, when Giuliani made his second run for mayor--four years before, he lost to Democrat David Dinkins, the first African American to win the job--a tough prosecutor seemed to be just what the city needed. More than a million New Yorkers were on welfare, violent crime and crack cocaine had ravaged whole neighborhoods, and taxes and unemployment were sky-high. The squeegee pest was the city's mascot. The windows of parked cars were adorned with pathetic little signs that told thieves there was NO RADIO left to steal inside. It was fashionable to dismiss the place as ungovernable, and when candidate Giuliani gave speeches decrying that notion, he of course used Churchill to do it. Imagine, Giuliani said, if while the bombs were falling on London during the Battle of Britain, Churchill had said, "You know, this is really beyond our control. We can't do much about this." That, he argued, is what New York's leaders were doing: abdicating in the face of grave threats

Candidate Giuliani eventually dropped the comparison because it seemed too dramatic, even to him. But after he defeated Dinkins, Mayor Giuliani made good on its implied promise. He did away with New York's traditional politics of soft and ineffectual symbolism--empathizing about problems but not fixing them--and got to work. His first police commissioner, William Bratton, came on the scene sounding like Churchill too. ("We will fight for every street. We will fight for every borough.") Using computer-mapping techniques to pinpoint crime hot spots, Bratton's N.Y.P.D. reduced serious crime by more than one-third and murder by almost half in just two years. But there was room in town for only one Churchill. Giuliani forced Bratton to resign, in large part because the commissioner hogged too many headlines. Giuliani felt vindicated when crime kept dropping like a stone under the loyalists he chose to succeed Bratton. And the public--shocked and delighted that the streets were actually safer and cleaner--didn't care how it happened. If Giuliani picked fights big and small, if he purged government of those he deemed insufficiently loyal, so be it. "People didn't elect me to be a conciliator. If they just wanted a nice guy, they would have stayed with Dinkins," Giuliani says now. "They wanted someone who was going to change this place. How do you expect me to change it if I don't fight with somebody? You don't change ingrained human behavior without confrontation, turmoil, anger."

He governed by hammering everyone else into submission, but in areas where that strategy was ineffective, such as reform of the city schools, he failed to make improvements. "The Boss," as his aides call him, inspired extraordinary loyalty and repaid it. He elevated a streetwise N.Y.P.D. detective named Bernard Kerik through the ranks of city government, eventually making him corrections commissioner and then police commissioner. Kerik, who compares entering Giuliani's inner circle to becoming "a made man in a Mafia family," reduced violence by 95% in the city jails and kept crime on the decline in New York this year even as it spiked around the country. "Nobody believed Giuliani had a heart," Kerik says. "He's not supposed to have a heart. He's an animal, he's obnoxious, he's arrogant. But you know what? He gets it done. Behind getting it done, he has a tremendously huge heart, but you're not going to succeed in New York City by being a sweetie. Giuliani has no gray areas--good or bad, right or wrong, end of story. That's the way he is. You don't like it, f___ you."

The city's black and Latino leaders did not like it. Focused on enforcing "one standard" for all New Yorkers (and obsessed with marginalizing activists like the Rev. Al Sharpton, whom Giuliani saw as a racial opportunist), Giuliani rarely reached out to any minority leaders. They complained that his aggressive cops were practicing racial profiling, stopping and frisking people because of their race. The Clinton Justice Department investigated the charge and decided not to bring a racial-discrimination case against the N.Y.P.D., but people believed their eyes, not the numbers. And though police shootings declined by 40% under Giuliani, minorities did not find comfort in that because of three awful brutality cases that, for many people, came to define the Giuliani years.


In 1997 a Haitian man named Abner Louima was sodomized with a mop handle by a cop in a Brooklyn-precinct bathroom. Two years later, an unarmed street peddler named Amadou Diallo was killed when police in the Bronx fired 41 shots at him in a dark vestibule. And a year after that, an unarmed security guard named Patrick Dorismond, who had been trying to hail a cab outside a midtown bar, was shot to death after a scuffle with undercover cops. Giuliani denounced the cops who brutalized Louima but defiantly backed those who killed Diallo and Dorismond. (In those cases, juries cleared the officers of wrongdoing.) After Dorismond was killed, Giuliani's instinct to defend the police led him to attack the unarmed victim; the mayor authorized release of Dorismond's juvenile records to "prove" his propensity for violence. The dead, Giuliani argued, waive their right to privacy. Even old friends and supporters were appalled. The man who had saved New York City saw his job-approval rating drop to 32%.

New York City was getting better, but the mayor seemed to be getting worse. When New York magazine launched an ad campaign calling itself "Possibly the only good thing in New York Rudy hasn't taken credit for," Giuliani had the ads yanked from the sides of city buses. The magazine sued and won. With the criminals on the run, the mayor was again resembling Churchill, a wartime leader too obstreperous to win the peace. Giuliani launched a "civility campaign" against jaywalkers, street vendors and noisy car alarms and a crusade against publicly funded art that offended his moral sensibilities. But the pose seemed hypocritical at best when Giuliani, whose wife had not been seen at City Hall in years, began making the rounds with Judi Nathan, a stylish New Yorker with wide, liquid eyes. The clash between the mayor's lifestyle and his policies became a pop-culture target, deftly skewered by Saturday Night Live comedian Tina Fey. "New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani is once again expressing his outrage at an art exhibit, this time at a painting in which Jesus is depicted as a naked woman," Fey deadpanned. "Said the mayor: 'This trash is not the sort of thing that I want to look at when I go to the museum with my mistress.'"

In the spring of 2000, Giuliani was edging toward a political move that he did not appear interested in making: running against Hillary Rodham Clinton for the Senate seat being vacated by Daniel Patrick Moynihan. That's when his carefully controlled, highly effective life went off the rails. He had been seeing Nathan since at least the previous year, but now the relationship exploded into the headlines. Donna Hanover later won a court order to prevent Nathan from attending city functions held at Gracie Mansion. Giuliani's divorce lawyer, Raoul Felder, counterattacked, calling Hanover an "uncaring mother" with "twisted motives." One of Giuliani's biographers, Village Voice reporter Wayne Barrett, broke the news of Giuliani's father's criminal past. Finally, in April 2000, Giuliani announced that he had received a diagnosis of prostate cancer, the disease that had killed his father. He withdrew from the Senate race and, with his handling of the Diallo and Dorismond cases still fresh in his mind, pledged to devote his remaining 18 months in office to breaking down "some of the barriers that maybe I placed" between him and minority communities. "I don't know exactly how you do that," he said, "but I'm going to try very hard."


In the end it was Giuliani's performance on and after Sept. 11 that broke down those barriers, demonstrating once and for all how much he cared about New Yorkers, even if he had not always been able to show it. After Sept. 11, a good many Rudy watchers assumed he had changed--a rigid, self-righteous man had morphed into a big-hearted empath--but Giuliani's friends and aides say his warm side has always been there. Outsiders just couldn't see it. Countless times in the past eight years, he has sat at the bedside of an injured or dying cop or fire fighter, gently broken the awful news to the family, even remembered a widow's name years later. The public never saw these moments because the press was not there. Giuliani, so famously thirsty for attention, did away with the custom of holding mayoral press conferences at police funerals; he felt it was unseemly. "I've known him since he was 13. He's a hugger and a kisser. He always has been," says Monsignor Alan Placa, a Long Island cleric who remains one of the mayor's closest friends. "If the story is that he's changed, it's just the wrong story."

The story is how and why he was finally able to show the world what's inside him. It is now customary to say Sept. 11 put life into perspective and swept away the things that don't matter, and that is true for Giuliani. "All those little fights we have," he said six days after the towers fell, "they don't mean anything." That was a startling admission. Those "little fights" had defined his mayoralty. It was both inevitable and a bit sad that it took a disaster of this magnitude to bring out the best in him. Suddenly the whole world saw the New York City police and fire departments the way Giuliani had always seen them. And the whole world saw Giuliani the way only his closest friends had seen him. "I spent my first 7 3/4 years as mayor living out my father's advice that it's better to be respected than loved," he says. "But I had forgotten the last part of what he used to say: 'Eventually, you will love me.'"

The mayor has aged in the past year, but it suits him. His hair is grayer, thinner but still defiantly combed over. Small oval eyeglasses have softened his look; cancer and exploding skyscrapers have softened it more. "The whole experience continues to be very strange," he says one afternoon in his office at City Hall, where he is packing up eight years' worth of files, photos, baseball bats and Yankees caps, "because it is very personal, but it's also part of my public duty as mayor to deal with it."

On Sept. 11, he had been at his makeshift command post in the Engine 24 firehouse just a few minutes when his executive assistant of 18 years, Beth Petrone-Hatton, walked in. In 1998 the mayor officiated at her wedding to Terry Hatton, a dashing Rescue 1 captain who had become part of Giuliani's extended family at City Hall. Now Giuliani asked her, "Terry was working?"

"Yes, he's gone."

Giuliani tried to say it was too soon to know, but she cut him off. "He's gone," she repeated. Then she got to work, organizing Giuliani's situation at the firehouse. People were scared to look her in the eye, but the ones who did saw depths of pain and strength they won't soon forget. Petrone-Hatton saw the same thing in her boss. "He was probably the most 'on' I have ever seen him," she says. "On the one hand, he was devastated, destroyed. He knew he'd lost a lot of friends. But he also knew he had to calm the city down." He started by getting solid information out, and then he went to inspiration. "It was so well orchestrated that you would have thought he had prepared for it forever," Petrone-Hatton says.

In a sense, he had. In the next few days and weeks, Giuliani worked around the clock to pull his city back together, yet he found time for Petrone-Hatton. While managing everything from the logistics of the recovery effort to the symbolism of mass mourning to the reopening of the New York Stock Exchange when others were still worried that the market would tank, Giuliani took the time to track down Hatton's dental records and to go to his firehouse to pick up his razor for a DNA sample. Eulogizing Hatton, Giuliani described him as "the kind of man I would like my son to grow up and become." On Sept. 21, when Petrone-Hatton got the unexpected news that she was pregnant, she made three phone calls--to Hatton's parents, to her parents and to Giuliani. "There's something miraculous," she told him. "I'm having a baby." The mayor started "hooting and howling," she says. "That's the best news I've had," he told her

A week later, Petrone-Hatton was at her doctor's office listening to the baby's heartbeat for the first time, when the mayor summoned her. She was driven to the rectory at St. Patrick's Cathedral, where Giuliani was attending a memorial service. He sat with her and gently told her that Hatton's remains had been found. She said she wanted to be taken to them right away. "I've already been," Giuliani said. He had identified Hatton so his friend would not have to. "You don't want to see him like this," he said.


People ask, 'have you changed a lot since 9/11?'" Giuliani says. "Actually, I changed more from the prostate cancer. Having to deal with that had a bigger impact and, I think, gave me more wisdom about the importance of life, the lack of control you have over death. It removed some of the fear of death."

His cancer treatment consumed the last six months of 2000. After intense study and consultation--with immeasurable help from Nathan, a trained nurse in her mid-40s--Giuliani chose a course of treatment involving radioactive-seed implantation and radiation rather than surgery. Just hours after the implantation operation on Sept. 19, 2000, Giuliani held a press conference. The next day he marched in a parade. But two weeks later, he felt "as bad as I had ever felt"--the seeds were starting to work. In November he began six weeks of daily external radiation treatments, and they turned out to be "very, very tough weeks"--full of nausea, hot flashes, exhaustion. He concealed his condition as best he could, though he sometimes had to excuse himself from meetings or leave the podium during a press conference. And most days he took a long nap.

Nathan, who is divorced and has a teenage daughter, was at his side through it all. Giuliani says he "had all kinds of questions about the cancer--are you getting better, are these good symptoms or bad symptoms?--and Judith did all the research. Looked it all up. Talked to the doctors. Helped me through it." Nathan recently became managing director of a philanthropic consulting firm called Changing Our World Inc., and she moves easily in Giuliani's supercharged universe. Bump into her late at night in the galley of Donald Trump's private 727, which is carrying the mayor and his entourage to Israel, and she waves a cup of coffee and jokes that a need for caffeine is "one of the many things cops and nurses have in common."

With Donna Hanover and Giuliani's two children, Caroline, 12, and Andrew, 15, still living in Gracie Mansion, Nathan has been functioning as a kind of shadow First Lady--attending memorial services but not sitting with the mayor; keeping a low public profile while playing a significant role behind the scenes. She helped organize construction of the Family Center on Pier 94 in New York, leading 3,000 volunteers who, in just 36 hours, turned 125,000 sq. ft. of raw space into what she calls "a warm place where the survivors could grieve in dignity and get the help they needed."

Giuliani is now cancer free, and Nathan believes that God spared him so he would be able to lead on Sept. 11. The timing of his ordeals also makes the mayor think about God's hand. Had the terrorists struck one year earlier, "when I was going through daily radiation, I couldn't have done it." Had he not had the cancer, he probably would have stayed in the Senate race and might have won--and thus would not have been on the scene to help his city get through the crisis. And if not for the cancer, he says, "I would have dealt with Sept. 11 effectively, but not as effectively. I would not have been as peaceful about it."

Yet Giuliani still wrestles mightily with his faith, with the question of whether events happen randomly or according to a divine plan. "I'm not sure. I'm not sure. I really admire the widows who have this perfect, simple religious faith. I go back and forth about it. Sometimes I resolve it as destiny--it just happens, you have no control over it, there's no reason to get too afraid of it because you have to go ahead and do what you have to do. And then sometimes I have this feeling that it is part of God's plan, allowing us to work out who we are as human beings. He gives people the room to make choices like the ones the heroes made, the people that saved other people, or the evil choices that were also made."

He won't say he was "chosen" to lead the city at this moment. "Whatever my belief in God, I don't believe he enters into politics," he says. But the more he thinks about it, the more he accepts that "there must be some plan in all of it. Philosophically and theologically, the way I look at all of this is that if there are things beyond human rationality, then we're only going to have little glimpses of it. And as for my own personal odyssey, it worked out better for me and better for the city that all those things happened."

Monsignor Placa sums up the changes in his friend this way: "The cancer made him face his mortality. Sept. 11 made him face his immortality." Together the two pushed him to recognize that history forgets the petty fights but not the acts of true leadership--and that he should do the same. "I think Rudy's gotten the idea that what he does will either be part of the triviality that will be forgotten or else it will become part of the story of how a great people were able to deal with this."

Giuliani has attended close to 200 funerals, services and wakes for police officers, fire fighters and emergency workers who died on Sept. 11, and each time he has offered a variation on the theme that "what could have destroyed us made us stronger," thanks to the heroes "who turned the worst attack on American soil into the most successful rescue operation in American history," with perhaps 20,000 civilian lives saved. At the police funerals, he points out that Sept. 11 succeeded in silencing the N.Y.P.D.'s critics and laments that it cost so many lives to do so. Giuliani had hoped to attend services for all 23 cops and 343 fire fighters lost that day, but that was impossible. He had felt that attending the services might help the survivors, show them how much the city honored their loss. He hadn't realized how much the funerals would help him.


It was on the night of Sept. 23 that Giuliani figured out how important the funerals were to him. That afternoon 20,000 gathered for a prayer service at Yankee Stadium, the first major public event after the attack and another huge security challenge for his police force. Giuliani found the service enormously draining. He had barely slept since the 11th--he needs only three or four hours a night but wasn't getting even that--and it was catching up with him. He spoke briefly, but mostly he sat near second base, looking into the sea of grieving faces--the families of the dead and missing cops and fire fighters who filled the infield, sobbing and clutching photographs of their lost loved ones. He had met many of them at the Family Center or during gatherings over the past 12 days, so "in some cases I could put them together with a name," he recalls. "In some cases I couldn't but remembered the faces. And listening to the beautiful music and the religious leaders, and Bette Midler singing the hero song [Wind Beneath My Wings], I just lost it."

When it was over, he was supposed to take a helicopter to a funeral service in Far Rockaway, out at the end of Queens. But he was a wreck, so Nathan and others urged him to take the night off. Instead, he decided to ride his SUV to Rockaway, catnap in the backseat, "and if I'm still too tired, I'll head home." As the SUV entered Rockaway after a 45-minute ride, the mayor was still exhausted. "I was sort of waking up," he says. "I said to myself, 'I shouldn't have come. I don't have the energy to do this.'" But he pulled himself out of the SUV anyway. "Suddenly it felt like I was in heaven," he says. "There were all these people in the field, hundreds of people, and they're all holding candles. Many of them I knew because I've spent a lot of time in Rockaway. And I was looking at them--they're such beautiful people, such strong, strong people--and I realized that Rockaway had been hit hard--lots of police officers, fire fighters and workers in the financial community, from executives to secretaries and stock boys. When I gave my talk, I said, 'I was very tired when I got here, but I have a great deal of energy now because of you.' I realized that one of the ways I could get through this is by going to services. They make me feel useful. They're heartbreaking but inspirational. I see the families and think, If they can do it, you can do it."

The next morning he was back in Rockaway, at the very same church, for the first of five more funerals that day. He attended eight more services there--and then on the morning of Nov. 12 he was there again, when American Flight 587 crashed into the neighborhood, killing 265 people. Wherever he went, Giuliani took to leading each congregation in a whooping, foot-stomping ovation for its fallen hero. And his eulogies--though largely unrecorded because he does not tell the press which services he plans to attend--became an ever evolving meditation on the nature of honor, courage, sacrifice and loss.

"I would like to say just a word to the children," the mayor tells the congregation at St. William the Abbot Catholic Church, an hour outside the city, in Seaford, N.Y., the kind of modest, comfortable Long Island suburb that was home to so many of the cops and fire fighters who died on Sept. 11. Giuliani has come to Seaford to praise Sgt. Timothy Roy, 36, a fun-loving, playfully boastful cop who was off duty on Sept. 11 but heard that a plane had struck the Trade Center, raced to the site and was last seen helping people escape from the south tower, the first to collapse. This morning Giuliani has reshuffled his schedule--moving his tour of ground zero with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon--so he can be here. Like Rudy, Timmy Roy came from a family of cops and fire fighters, and Giuliani wants to honor that. But now he has a message for Roy's three children, a message he sends to the children of dead heroes at every service he attends.

"Nobody can take your father from you," he says. "He is part of you. He helped make you. He and your mom are an integral part of who you are. All the wonderful things that everybody...for the rest of your life tells you about your dad, about how brave he was, what a decent man he was, how strong he was, how sensitive he was to the needs of people--all those things are inside you. They're all part of you. People will say the same things about you 10, 15, 20, 25 years from now." The whole place is weeping, riding the mayor's words as he brings the message home. "I can just see it in your family. This is a great family. He's with you--nobody can take him away from you. You have something lots of children don't have. You have the absolute, certain knowledge that your dad was a great man."


By conventional standards, Harold Giuliani was not a great man. In 1934, at age 26, he was arrested for robbing a milkman at gunpoint in the vestibule of a Manhattan apartment building. A court-appointed psychiatrist diagnosed him as an "aggressive, egocentric type." He served a year and a half, then went to work as a bartender and enforcer for his brother-in-law Leo D'Avanzo's loan-sharking operation, according to court documents and eyewitness accounts uncovered by Giuliani biographer Barrett. In 1944, Harold's wife Helen, a smart, serious-minded woman (still living but suffering from senility), gave birth to Rudy, their only child.

Giuliani says he knew only a little of his father's history. "I knew parts of it, but it was always a big secret and very shadowy. I knew he had gotten into trouble as a young man, but I never knew exactly what it was" until Barrett broke the story in 2000. "As I found out more about what his history was and what he had done," he says, emotion swamping his syntax, "having been his son, the way he brought me up, I have this tremendous respect for him."

Bad guy, good dad--Harold Giuliani did everything he could to ensure that his son didn't end up the way he did. "I'd like to find a better way to describe it, but I have to do it in psychological terms," Giuliani says. "My father compensated through me. In a very exaggerated way, he made sure that I didn't repeat his mistakes in my life--which I thank him for, because it worked out." To separate his boy from the outlaw wing of the family, Harold moved his family from Brooklyn to the Long Island community of Garden City, N.Y., when Rudy was seven. "He would say over and over, 'You can't take anything that's not yours. You can't steal. Never lie, never steal.' As a child and even as a young adult, I thought, What does he keep doing this for? I'm not going to steal anything."

Harold had a good head for figures and did tax returns for people in the family. "He'd make out returns until 3 or 4 in the morning," Giuliani says, "and I'd ask him, 'Don't you hate doing this?' He would give me this long lecture: 'It's a great privilege to pay your taxes, and you should overpay your taxes'--which I do, actually--'and just think of all those people who would like to come to America just to have the privilege to pay taxes. Better pay every single penny of them. And better make sure you don't take anything that doesn't belong to you.' As I got older, I started to realize what it was about. It was extremely conscious, well thought out. And very overdone."

Giuliani's closest friends from those days, Placa and Peter Powers, who went on to become Giuliani's campaign manager and first deputy mayor, both say they had no idea about the criminal ties. "His parents brought him up with strong values," says Powers. "The dinner-table talk with his aunts and uncles was always heated politics--his Uncle Rudy and I were Goldwater conservatives, and the rest were liberals. Rudy was a Kennedy Democrat."

"From the time I was very young, bravery and courage inspired me," Giuliani says. "My father had great physical courage. He had been a boxer. I read John Kennedy's Profiles in Courage when I was young. My Uncle Rudy, my father's youngest brother, was a police officer for 24 years. My mother's second youngest brother, Edward, was a captain in the fire department, decorated four or five times. She had three other brothers who were police officers. So I grew up with uniforms all around me and their stories of heroism." But once past the age of eight, Giuliani never thought about becoming a cop. "I wanted to be a priest, I wanted to be a doctor, I wanted to be an Air Force pilot." He was a chubby kid. He didn't get the best grades. But he was an organizer, a class politician, shrewd from an early age. "Giuliani was always around, always leading something, always looking ahead," says Powers. He developed an abiding interest in opera--getting Placa and Powers to form a club and travel into Manhattan for performances of the Metropolitan Opera--but he couldn't sing.

He got into law enforcement "kind of as an afterthought," he says. After earning a degree at Manhattan College, he and Powers enrolled together at New York University School of Law, and Giuliani ended up as a clerk to federal judge Lloyd MacMahon. The judge encouraged him to join the U.S. Attorney's office, and in 1970 Giuliani took his advice. Giuliani's ascent began in earnest three years after he arrived when, at 29, he was put in charge of the police-corruption cases springing from the Knapp Commission, an era romanticized in the book and movie Prince of the City. He did a stint in private practice and went to Washington for three years as the No. 3 man in Ronald Reagan's Justice Department. (All told, he has spent nine years of his career practicing law outside government.) In 1983 Giuliani was named U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York. By then his father had withered and died, a victim of prostate cancer. The last conversation Giuliani had with his father, he says, "was about courage and fear. I said to him, 'Were you ever afraid of anything?' He said to me, 'Always.' He said, 'Courage is being afraid but then doing what you have to do anyway.'"


Giuliani's life reflected his dying father's words. Though the mayor's friend Peter Powers thinks Giuliani "was born without a fear gene," Rudy says it isn't so. On Sept. 11, when the first tower collapsed and he and his aides were stuck inside a building near the site, "there were times I was afraid. Everybody was. But the concentration was on. If I don't do what I have to do, everything falls apart." They tried to escape through the basement, but the doors were locked. "That's when I kept saying to myself, You've got to keep your head, and you've just got to keep thinking, What's the most sensible thing to do next? Something I learned a long time ago, also from my father, is that the more emotional things get, the calmer you have to become to figure your way out. Those things have become a matter of instinct for me at 57 years old. I didn't have to invent them."

When Giuliani hears people talking about how Americans have been living in "a different world" since Sept. 11, he disagrees. "We're not in a different world," he says. "It's the same world as before, except now we understand it better. The threat and danger were there, but now we recognize it. So it's probably a safer world now."

Giuliani understood the danger earlier than most. "I assumed from the time I came into office that New York City would be the subject of a terrorist attack," he says. The World Trade Center was bombed by Muslim terrorists in 1993, before he became mayor, and while most New Yorkers pushed the memory aside, Giuliani did not. To ease the long-standing disaster-scene turf battles between fire and police, he created the Office of Emergency Management and built a $ 13 million emergency command center on the 23rd floor of 7 World Trade Center, a mid-size building in the complex. The place was ridiculed as "Rudy's bunker." (Only the location was a mistake; on Sept. 11 the bunker had to be evacuated, and the entire building collapsed.) He beefed up security and restricted access around City Hall, brushing aside those who charged that he was stifling the democratic right to free assembly. He and his staff held drills playing out 10 disaster scenarios, from anthrax attacks to truck bombs to poison-gas releases.

He didn't foresee terrorists flying airliners into office towers, but the constant drilling ensured that when it happened, everyone in city government knew how to respond. "We used to make fun of those drills," says chief of staff Tony Carbonetti, "but I think they saved lives." In the weeks after Sept. 11--but before spores started getting mailed to media targets around Manhattan--Giuliani convened meetings with the Centers for Disease Control and the fbi to discuss the threat of anthrax. As a result, he knew more about anthrax than Homeland Security chief Tom Ridge and Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson. While Ridge and Thompson contradicted each other and downplayed the lethal nature of the spores, Giuliani treated the public like grownups, offering unvarnished information and never having to backtrack. When he told people not to panic, they didn't.

Giuliani had his own issues with the Federal Government. The FBI was stingy with intelligence and slow to test for anthrax in the city. By late October, five New Yorkers had been infected with anthrax and one was dying. And on Monday, Oct. 29, the day before Giuliani's beloved Yankees were set to play Game 3 of the World Series at their stadium in the Bronx, Ridge and Attorney General John Ashcroft alerted the public to one of their "credible but unspecified" threats and advised local law enforcement to be on the highest level of alert. Giuliani phoned Ridge and asked what he was supposed to do with this warning. "Tom, the city is already on the very highest state of alert," he said. "The lampposts are on alert. I've got the World Series tomorrow night. I've got the President coming to throw out the first pitch. I've got 30,000 people running in the marathon on Sunday, with 2 million watching. Are you telling me to close the airports? Cancel the series? Tell the President not to come?" Ridge said he would call back. When he did, he told Giuliani to go ahead with all his plans

Twelve hundred police officers and two F-14 jet fighters secured Yankee Stadium when Bush threw out the first pitch. Giuliani and his aides debated briefly whether to postpone the marathon, but he decided not to. "The city has to be open for business," he told the police commissioner. As the World Series continued, Giuliani commuted to Arizona for the away games, then raced back to his city. On Saturday, Nov. 3, he was in Phoenix, rooting hard in the ninth inning of Game 6 with the Yankees losing, when aides interrupted him. Anthrax spores had been found inside City Hall. It turned out to be a minor contamination, and the mayor wasn't going to let anything--not anthrax, not even the Yankees' loss--interfere with his determinedly good mood. He flew through the night, arriving home in time to cheer for the marathon winner. Nothing blew up.

Today, as the weeks pass without further attacks and people start to relax, Giuliani has remained on alert. "I think we have to assume that in both cases--the terror attacks on the World Trade Center and the anthrax, which may be either terrorists or nuts--we're not finished with them. We have to assume that they are going to do other things."


Most New York Mayors leave office defeated and embittered by the demands of running the city. But when Giuliani hands over the reins to billionaire Mike Bloomberg at a ceremony planned for Times Square just after midnight on Jan. 1, he will leave at the peak of his popularity. He changed the outcome of the race to succeed him, ensuring Bloomberg's victory simply by making a TV ad endorsing him. In one sense, his mayoralty ends as it began, with the economy in recession and his aides negotiating painful budget cuts with the city council. The city's schools are little better than he found them, and cops are again rousting the homeless from Fifth Avenue. But so much else has changed that Giuliani has vaulted into the ranks of world leaders. He ignites adulation in the streets of Jerusalem. His Blackberry pager pulls in an e-mail message from the Queen of England, who is available in February to knight him. He has a $ 3 million, two-book deal. The networks are dangling offers. He will command six-figure speaking fees and open a consulting company with some of his aides (Rudy would not be happy working for someone). His divorce will soon be final, and some of his friends think he and Nathan will get married, but he won't confirm that. He does look forward to spending more time with his children, though even in the midst of post-9/11 recovery he managed to attend eight of Andrew's nine high-school football games as well as see Caroline's school play and take her on a private tour of ground zero. "She wanted to see it," he says. "She was upset but not overwrought. It's my job to do for my kids what my father did for me--try to help them figure out how to deal with fear. How to live life, even though you are afraid."

As long as Giuliani remains healthy, his friends believe, he will sooner or later make his next move and run for higher office. He is keeping his political-action committee up and running, and he will wait for his opening. At 57, he has time. He doesn't want to be Homeland Security boss or run for Governor against fellow Republican George Pataki, but he has always had half-concealed presidential dreams, and it's easy to imagine him trying for the Senate (in New York or New Jersey) or even serving as George W. Bush's running mate if Dick Cheney chooses not to go again. "You never know what you would do if a President asked you," he says. Bush almost surely won't ask--he prizes long-tested loyalty as much as Giuliani does--but if he did, the mayor would listen. "That's further in the future, which might make a difference. But right now I'm not looking for anything. Even before Sept. 11, I was looking forward to some private time. I need to take a break, reflect on everything that's happened. I haven't had enough time to think about any of this. I could use a vacation."

His last one was 40 minutes long.

It was the night of Sept. 13, and Giuliani was at the police academy command post, where he had been around-the-clock for three days. The 72-hr. wave of adrenaline was wearing off, and he was feeling the strain. The President would be arriving in the morning for his first trip to ground zero. The city was still pretty well closed down. And the casualties were, as Giuliani had predicted, more than anyone could bear. Nobody had been pulled alive from the site since the first night, and the city medical examiner, Dr. Neil Hirsch, was telling him that additional rescues were extremely unlikely. Hirsch cited examples from earthquakes around the world to make the point. Giuliani wasn't ready to abandon hope. "These are New Yorkers," he said. "Give 'em another week."

Nathan could see he was near the end of his rope. (She hadn't realized his rope had an end, but here it was.) They retreated to his tiny office--a nook she had commandeered for him near the coffee lounge. "You need a moment," she told him.

"I probably need a couple," he said.

"Why don't you go for a walk?"

"I can't do that. How can I?"

Nathan showed him how. She knew the deputy mayors would be hovering outside, so she got his security detail to sneak Rudy out the back door of the office, slip him down the fire escape and into the SUV, and drive him off. Nathan stayed behind. "I wanted him to go alone, to be with his thoughts for a little bit," she says. The deputies burst into the room. "Where is he?"

"He went for a walk."

"What? Where?" They were ready to chase him down the street, but he was gone.

When his SUV had made it a block from the command post, Giuliani told the driver to pull over. He got out on First Avenue and walked through Peter Cooper Village, an old brick apartment complex full of middle-class teachers, nurses, cops and office workers--his people. He asked his security team to hang back so he could walk alone. People saw him and did double takes. Some approached quietly, hesitantly; every New Yorker feels entitled to fill the mayor's ear, but not this night. This night they offered him a quick hug or a few soft words of thanks and let him walk on alone. He headed east, through a tunnel under the F.D.R. Drive, toward the East River. "I wanted to look at it," he says. "I wanted to look at the river. It was still there." He turned from the dark water and stared up at the lights. "I looked at the skyline," he says. "It was still there." Then he walked back to work.

--With reporting by Amanda Ripley/New York



--Do you think the way in which New Yorkers responded to the attacks on Sept. 11 helped rally the rest of the country? Yes     90% No       8%

--Would you say New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani has done a good job or a poor job responding to the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon? Very good/good    94% Poor/very poor     2%

From a telephone poll of 1,008 adult Americans taken for TIME/CNN on Dec. 19-20 by Harris Interactive. Margin of error is 3.1% "Not sures" omitted

GRAPHIC: COLOR PHOTO: PHOTOGRAPHS FOR TIME BY GREGORY HEISLER, RUDY NEVER SLEEPS:Working the phone in his mobile office, an SUV zooming around town; COLOR PHOTO: PHOTOGRAPHS FOR TIME BY GREGORY HEISLER, GROUND ZERO, New York's bravest line up for his autograph, but being suddenly beloved doesn't make the loss any less painful; COLOR PHOTO: TODD MAISEL--NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, MOURNING , The mayor has attended close to 200 memorial services so far, eulogizing the heroes and drawing strength from the families; COLOR PHOTO: CHRISTIE JOHNSTON--OFFICE OF THE MAYOR, NYC, CONSOLING, At ground zero, the mayor comforts a fire fighter's widow. He is tough enough to show how much he hurts; COLOR PHOTO: PETER FOLEY, RARE PHOTO, Giuliani doesn't tell the press when he will attend funeral masses, but a mourner caught this eulogy; COLOR PHOTO: STAN HONDA--AP, With Dick Cheney and George Pataki; COLOR PHOTO: EDWARD REED--OFFICE OF THE MAYOR, NYC, Showing Bush the damage, with Von Essen and Kerik; COLOR PHOTO: STAN HONDA--AP, With Saudi Prince bin Talal--he criticized U.S. policy, so Rudy returned his check; COLOR PHOTO: DOUGH KANTER--AP, The first New York City mayor to address the U.N.; COLOR PHOTO: CHRISTIE JOHNSTON--OFFICE OF THE MAYOR, NYC, With Nelson Mandela; COLOR PHOTO: EZIO PETERSEN--AP, With Russian President Vladimir Putin, right; COLOR PHOTO: STEPHAN SAVOIA--AP, In Far Rockaway after Flight 587 crashed; COLOR PHOTO: CHRISTIE JOHNSTON--OFFICE OF THE MAYOR, NYC, With Prime Minister Tony Blair; COLOR PHOTO: NEVILLE ELDER--CORBIS SYGMA, With Ariel Sharon in Jerusalem; COLOR PHOTO: CAROLINA SALGUERO--SIPA, Reopening the promenade in Battery Park; COLOR PHOTO: TIMOTHY CLARY--AP, He fills in on 9/16, escorting a fallen fire fighter's sister down the aisle; COLOR PHOTO: RICKI ROSEN--CORBIS SABA FOR TIME, Giving the O.K. to laugh on Saturday Night Live; COLOR PHOTO: GREGORY HEISLER FOR TIME, With Homeland Security chief Tom Ridge; COLOR PHOTO: SUZANNE PLUNKETT--AP, At the Yankee Stadium memorial with Hillary and Bill Clinton; COLOR PHOTO: JOSEPH REYES--OFFICE OF THE MAYOR, NYC, With Kofi Annan, Pataki and U.N. representatives; COLOR PHOTO: RICKI ROSEN--CORBIS SABA FOR TIME, In Israel, with a victim of suicide bombing; COLOR PHOTO, MAYOR'S ROUNDTABLE, The 8 a.m. staff meeting at City Hall, above, became the model, post-9/11, for his long problem-solving sessions mark peterson--corbis saba; COLOR PHOTO: MARK PETERSON--CORBIS SABA, PARENTAL LESSONS, With his mother Helen on the day he became mayor. His father Harold was an ex-con who wanted better for him; B/W PHOTO: NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, Rudy's Rise HIGH SCHOOL, 1961 He has thought about being a priest but is voted Class Politician; B/W PHOTO: NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, [See caption above] ASSOCIATE ATTORNEY GENERAL 1981 He goes to Washington as the No. 3 man in Ronald Reagan's Justice Department; COLOR PHOTO: GIANFRANCO GORGONI--CONTACT PRESS IMAGES, [See caption above] U.S. ATTORNEY 1983 Giuliani comes home to prosecute the Mob and Wall Street inside traders; B/W PHOTO: MISHA ERWITT--NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, [See caption above] UNDERCOVER PHOTO OP 1988: U.S. Attorney Giuliani and Senator Al D'Amato, right, show off a vial of crack bought in Manhattan; COLOR PHOTO: PORTER GIFFORD--GETTY IMAGES, [See caption above] FIRST INAUGURAL 1994: The mayor's family as he takes the oath. The marriage is dying by 1999; COLOR PHOTO: STEPHEN FERRY--GETTY IMAGES, [See caption above] CLEANING UP THE CITY 1993 Squeegee men are a fact of New York City life before Giuliani wins the election. Within months they are gone; COLOR PHOTO: CHRYSTIE SHERMAN--AP, [See caption above] WALL OF OUTRAGE 1999 His handling of the police shooting of Amadou Diallo gets Sharpton, center, and Dinkins, right, on the march; COLOR PHOTO: SAM COSTANZA--NEW YORK POST, [See caption above] A VERY GOOD FRIEND 2000 The mayor battles cancer with Judith Nathan by his side; COLOR PHOTO: JOE DEMARIA--CORBIS SYGMA, [See caption above] RUDY ROCKETTE 2001 Having cleaned up New York, he finds time for smaller battles and has some fun at an annual press bash; COLOR PHOTO: MARIO TAMA--GETTY IMAGES, [See caption above] HAND-OFF 2001 After 9/11, Rudy gets to handpick his successor. He'll swear in Mike Bloomberg just after midnight in 2002; B/W PHOTO: CHRISTIE JOHNSTON--OFFICE OF THE MAYOR, NYC, RUDY THE ROCK, Hunched with emotion after a press conference at the Family Center, where New Yorkers came to grieve; COLOR PHOTO, FACING THE FUTURE, He leaves office Jan. 1, but almost surely he'll return to politics. His presidential dreams still beckon

LOAD-DATE: December 24, 2001 




[No Resumes]





December 27, 2001
Manhattan Advances to Championship Game of Holiday Festival

NEW YORK, NY – Sophomore Luis Flores (New York, NY) and senior Von Damien “Mugsy” Green (New York, NY) combined for 40 points to lead the Manhattan Jaspers to an 82-72 victory over Fordham University in the first round of the Madison Square Garden Holiday Festival presented by Foot Locker Thursday evening.

With the win, the Jaspers improve to 8-1 and advance to the championship game of the Holiday Festival, where they will take on a familiar rival, defending MAAC champion Iona, at 8:30 PM at MSG. Fordham falls to 4-5.

The Rams jumped out to an early 7-0 lead in the opening minutes, but Green drained a three-pointer and hit a driving layup to give Manhattan its first points of the game. Later in the half, the Jaspers rallied to tie the game at 15-15 on a three-pointer by junior Justin Jackette (Valhalla, NY). Manhattan would lead by as many as nine in the half, and took a 36-30 lead into the lockerroom. Green led all scorers with 14 points in the first 20 minutes.

Fordham also got off to a fast start in the second half, cutting the Jasper lead to two at the 16:37 mark on a jumper by Michael Haynes. Then, a three-pointer from William “Smush” Parker and a driving layup by Mark Jarrell-Wright gave the Rams their first lead (45-44) since midway through the first half.

Manhattan regained the lead on a three-pointer by sophomore Dave Holmes (Washington, DC). Green then picked off one of his school-record tying eight steals on Fordham’s next possession and found senior Noah Coughlin (Middleboro, MA) on the perimeter. Coughlin’s shot from behind the arc was offline, but Holmes was there for the rebound and the putback to put the Jaspers up four (57-53). Flores then found his stroke at the 7:41 mark, scoring Manhattan’s next six points in a row to widen the gap to seven (65-58).

Solid foul shooting would prove to be the key for the Jaspers down the stretch, as Manhattan hit 13-of-19 from the line in the final four minutes to keep the Rams at bay.

Flores led all scorers with 21 points, marking the fourth time this season that he has scored 20+ points. Green finished with 19 points and eight steals, tying a school record held by Steve Boyle (1985-86, 87-88). Holmes contributed 14 points and eight rebounds, while Jackette tallied 10 points and three steals.

The Jaspers have now won eight games in a row, tying a streak set in 1994-95. Manhattan improved to 5-0 at Madison Square Garden under Head Coach Bobby Gonzalez, and will be seeking their first Holiday Festival title since 1973.


December 26, 2001

EDISON, NJ – Sophomore center Jason Benton (New Haven, CT/Wilbur Cross) was named Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Rookie of the Week for the week ending December 23, conference officials announced Monday.

Benton contributed four points, two rebounds and two steals in just 14 minutes of action in the Jaspers’ 74-67 victory over Hofstra on December 21. A starter in seven of Manhattan’s eight games, Benton is sixth on the team in scoring, averaging 6.5 points per game, and is second in rebounding with 4.5 boards per game.

Manhattan (7-1, 1-0) will be looking for its eighth win in a row when they take on Fordham on December 27 at 6:30 PM in the first round of the ECAC Holiday Festival at Madison Square Garden.


December 21, 2001
Manhattan Improves to 7-1 with Seventh Straight Win

RIVERDALE, NY – Sophomore Luis Flores (New York, NY) scored a game-high 22 points to lead the Manhattan College Jaspers to a 74-67 victory over visiting Hofstra University in a non-conference game in Draddy Gym.

With the win, the Jaspers improve to 7-1, while Hofstra falls to 5-4. The win was the eighth straight home victory for Manhattan, which has now won eight of the last 10 meetings over Hofstra. The Jaspers also won their seventh game in a row, tying a streak set in 1995-96.

The first half was a see-saw battle which saw five ties and five lead changes in the early going. With the score knotted at 13-13 at the 10:58 mark, the Jaspers outscored Hofstra 12-5 over a span of two and a half minutes to assume a 25-18 lead. The Pride responded with consecutive baskets to cut the lead to two, but from there Manhattan went on a 10-2 run to take its biggest lead of the half (35-25) with 3:40 to play. Hofstra made a late run in the final minutes and Manhattan clung to a four-point lead (39-35) at the break.

Nine different Jaspers contributed at least two points in the first half, with Flores leading the way with 11. Both teams connected on an identical number of field goals in the first 20 minutes, but the difference heading into the lockerroom was foul shooting, as the Jaspers hit 10-12 from the line compared to 6-10 by Hofstra.

Hofstra scored the first four points of the second half for their first lead (41-39) since early in the game, but Manhattan went on a 14-2 run to push the lead back to 10 (53-43) at the 9:52 mark. Hofstra wouldn’t go away however and closed to within four on a three-pointer by Rick Apodaca. The contest would remain a two-possession game until late in the second half, when Darnell Tyler (Long Branch, NJ) and Dave Holmes (Washington, DC) combined for six points to give the Jaspers a nine-point lead (68-59) at the 3:17 mark, and the Pride would get no closer than five the rest of the way.

Flores led the Jaspers in scoring for the seventh time this season with 22 points, marking the third time he has eclipsed the 20-point plateau this season. Von Damien “Mugsy” Green (New York, NY) was the only other Jasper in double figures with 10 points. Both Green and Flores played all 40 minutes for Manhattan. All 10 Jaspers to get in tonight’s game contributed at least two points.

The Jaspers look to make it eight in a row on Thursday December 27 at the ECAC Holiday Festival at Madison Square Garden. The Jaspers will take on Fordham in the first round matchup at 6:30 PM, followed by Seton Hall versus Iona at 8:30. The Jaspers will be making their 17th appearance in the tournament, and their first since 1996. Manhattan is 21-19 all-time at the ECAC Holiday Festival.


December 21, 2001

RIVERDALE, NY – Manhattan College men’s track and field athlete Jacob Freeman (East Greenwich, RI) is currently ranked first in the Weight Throw in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Indoor Competition according to the NCAA’s most recent report.  Freeman, a junior, is also the top American weight thrower in the United States.

Freeman threw an outstanding 21.42m, a new school record, at the Princeton Invitational held at Jadwin Gymnasium on December 7, 2001 to place him on top.  The throw not only hit the NCAA automatic qualifying mark, but also broke Manhattan’s school record Freeman threw last year of 21.37m.

Freeman and the Jaspers will return to action January 11-12th when they host the Manhattan College Invitational in Draddy Gymnasium.


December 21, 2001
Sophomore Rosalee Mason Ties a Career-High 29 Points in Win

DELAND, FL – The Manhattan College women’s basketball team beat Stetson 66-63 in overtime on Thursday afternoon to improve to 4-4 on the season.  Stetson dropped to 2-6.

In a game that was tied 13 times over the 45 minutes played, the Lady J’s led by eight in the first six minutes of play.  Stetson made a short run and took a one-point lead with just over ten minutes to play in the first period.  Neither team led by more than five points for the remainder of the game.

The two teams traded baskets for the entire second half and Manhattan led by one with just under three minutes to play on a free throw by Rosalee Mason (London, England).   A Stetson three-pointer by Amy White gave the Hatters a two-point lead until Manhattan answered on the next possession with a three-pointer from Mary Kacic (Howard Beach, NY).  Kacic scored a minute later to give the Lady J’s a three-point lead.

Stetson called time-out with 18 seconds remaining to set-up the final play of regulation and despite tough Manhattan defense, Stephanie Mullis hit a three-pointer with 16 seconds on the clock to tie the game at 57-57.

Christine Bach (Floral Park, NY) hit the first two shots in overtime to put the Lady J’s ahead for good.  Kacic hit one of two free throws to ice the game for Manhattan.

Mason finished with a career-high of 29 points and eleven rebounds for her seventh double-double in eight games.  Kacic finished with eight points and four rebounds, while Bach added four points, three assists and a steal.  Toyelle Wilson (Voorhees, NJ) added four assists and three steals in 16 minutes played.

Manhattan returns to action on December 28, when they face Princeton at 2:00 PM at Draddy Gymnasium.


December 19, 2001

RIVERDALE, NY – Members of the Manhattan College men’s and women’s indoor track and field teams have recorded some of the top marks in the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference according to this week’s weekly reports.

In the men’s list, sophomore Magnus Ahlen (Carlstad, Sweden) leads the MAAC in the 55m Dash (6.3) and in the Long Jump (23’4”).  Senior Eddie Potter (Monroe, NJ) leads in the 400m with the time of 49.8 seconds.  In the Weights, junior All-American Jacob Freeman (East Greenwich, RI) is first in the Weight Throw (70’3 ½”) and Mike Pellet (Croton, NY) is first in the Shot Put (52’0).  Pole-Vaulter Rajne Svenssohn (Carlstad, Sweden) is first with a vault of 14’1 ¼” and in the High Jump with a jump of 6’6 ¾”. Sophomore Janek Augustnowicz (Rutherford, NJ) leads in the Triple Jump with 45’4” followed by Elliot Belin (Bronx, NY) with 44’4”.

In the women’s list, junior Stefani Allen (Levittown, PA) repeats her first place lead in 55m Hurdles with 8.36 seconds and freshman Samantha Griffin (Jersey City, NJ) also remains in the lead in the 55m Dash outrunning last weeks time of 7.29 seconds with 7.1 seconds this week.  Senior Kristen Cerasi (Eastchester, NY) leads in the MAAC in the Mile with 5:04.2 and freshman Rachel McGee (Bellport, NY) leads in the 400m with 60.68 seconds.  Leading in the Weights are junior Lauren Primerano (Trenton, NJ) in the Weight Throw (43’7 ¾”) and Karin Larsson (Garphyttan, Sweden) in the Shot Put (42’11 ¾”). Sophomore Michanne Campbell (Mount Vernon, NY) leads in the Triple Jump (36’8”) and Julie Wozniak (Jackson, NJ) leads in the High Jump (5’3”).

The Jaspers will return to action January 11-12th when they host the Manhattan College Invitational in Draddy Gymnasium. 




12.18.2001 00:03

College Notes by Mike Szostak

<extraneous deleted>

Freeman shines

Manhattan College weight man Jacob Freeman is on a tear. The junior from East Greenwich won the Princeton Invitational this month and qualified for the NCAA meet with a throw of 70 feet, 31/2 inches, a Manhattan record. The distance is one of the top five in the U.S. so far this season. A week later, Freeman won the weight throw at the Manhattan Invitational with a distance of 20.71 meters.

Manhattan sophomore Dan Gazzola , also of East Greenwich, threw the weight 61-3 in the Princeton meet and qualified for the IC4A.

<extraneous deleted>




Copyright 2001 Newsday, Inc.  
Newsday (New York, NY)
December 22, 2001 Saturday NASSAU AND SUFFOLK EDITION
HEADLINE: Hofstra's Inconsistency Costly in Loss to Jaspers

In terms of wins and losses, the season has gone almost according to plan for Hofstra. With scarce exception, it has beaten the teams it should have beaten and lost to the teams it should have lost to.

But buried behind that veil of consistency is a men's basketball team that fluctuates like a liar's polygraph. The Pride goes long stretches looking confused and bewildered, and just as it is about to be wiped away by the opponent it springs back in the other direction, playing like a band of composed veterans. It's more than an identity crisis; it's an identity meltdown. "That's something we need to work on, keeping up our intensity on every play," said Hofstra forward Danny Walker, who has stepped up to fill the seniorless team's leadership void this season.

The inability to play consistently cost Hofstra a win Friday at Draddy Gymnasium. The Pride slept through 6:08 of the second half and was outscored 12-0 in the stretch as Manhattan College won, 74-67. It was the seventh straight win for the Jaspers and the second straight loss for Hofstra. The Pride had not lost back-to-back since November, 1998.

Despite the nap, Hofstra managed to make a game of it. The Pride (5-4) went on a 10-2 run in just over two minutes to cut the deficit to 55-53, but Manhattan (7-1) never yielded its lead. Seven of the final nine Jasper points came at the foul line.

"They are an exceptional team, and I thought we looked young tonight," Hofstra coach Tom Pecora said. He said college basketball is all about guard play, and Manhattan has two of them shining in Mugsy Green (10 points) and Luis Flores (22). "Flores is playing on another level right now," Pecora said.

Walker had 14 points and 11 rebounds for Hofstra. The Pride's leading scorer, Rick Apodaca, put in 13 points but committed seven turnovers.

"Rick is trying so hard to be a great leader, but he's pressing," Pecora said. "He needs to back off and let it come to him a little more." Pecora tweaked Hofstra's starting lineup, going with red-shirt freshman guard Mike Radziejewski in place of center Lars Grubler.

Hofstra had three guards on the floor for most of the first half, but still looked like a group of clumsy 7-footers at times. The Pride turned the ball over 11 times (nine of them on Manhattan steals) and trailed 39-35 at halftime. The Jaspers had extended the lead to 10 with 3:34 left in the half, but Suarez hit a three-pointer that ended a 3:30 scoring drought for Hofstra and closed the Pride to 35-28. Hofstra scored the first six points of the second half to take a 41-39 lead, its last of the night.

"We knew this would be a city game, and it was a battle," Manhattan coach Bobby Gonzalez said. "We needed a game like this, a slug-ya and mug-ya, grind-it-out game." Manhattan, which beat St. John's two weeks ago and had not played a game since, had every right to claim itself as the king of New York City basketball. It refused the title.

"We don't feel we're the best team in New York yet," Gonzalez said. "We have a long way to go." So does Hofstra.

Notes & Quotes: Forward Wendell Gibson, playing with a strained left quadriceps, picked up three charges for Hofstra and was hammered each time he touched the ball in the paint. He still managed a team-high 15 points with six rebounds. "He's a throwback," coach Tom Pecora said of Gibson. "He's not very pretty but he gets things done." ... Jeff Van Gundy and Stu Jackson, both former Knicks coaches, were among the 2,104 fans at the game ... Hofstra's next game is Sunday at Drexel, its first in the Colonial Athletic Conference. "This is the first time our young guys will experience a conference game on the road, so that's another first for us," Pecora said. MANHATTAN 74 HOFSTRA 67 Sunday Hofstra at Drexel 4 p.m. TV:FSNY Radio:WRHU (88.7)

GRAPHIC: Photo by J.S. Moses - Hofstra's Wendell Gibson puts in a shot over Manhattan's Dave Holmes and Jared Johnson

LOAD-DATE: December 22, 2001 




[Email 1]

Date: Thu, 20 Dec 2001 13:21:31 EST
From: Zbacnik, Raymond Eric (1977 MEChE)
Subject: Re: Enjoyed Meeting Another Manhattan College Graduate

Thanks for the note.  Yes, I saw that the e-mail bounced.  I got the e-mail from our Alumni directory.  Yesterday, I was driving home from work, and, at a traffic light, some guy next to me signals me to roll down the window.  He asks me when I graduated from Manhattan College.  I said, 77.  He said he graduated in 72.  The light changed.  He drove off.  I looked for a 72 grad in the directory  for the city of Stow, and found his name.  Obviously, you also, do not know his latest e-mail address.

I used to give so much money to Manhattan College that they wanted me to be something like the Alumni President for the State of Ohio.  My experience of Manhattan College is an off-campus, unimpressive building which I attended late in the evening.  That was my Manhattan College experience.  I also, went to Purdue University, Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort Wayne, Fairleigh Dickinson University, and Stevens Institute of Technology.  What makes MC special is that it is Catholic.  But the teachers and students spoke in 4 letter words, usually F--- You, What the F--- do you want? etc.(Sort of like the film "Good Will Hunting": my vocabulary changed dramatically after Manhattan College.  It took a return to the Mid-West to clean up my English.



[Email 2]

From: John OShea (1972)
Subject: Re: Jasper Jottings
Date: Thu, 20 Dec 2001 20:46:00 -0500

Please change my email address

John O'Shea 72

[JR: Done ]



[Email 3]

Date: Thu, 20 Dec 2001 21:07:26 EST
From: Rich Zuccaro
Subject: Re: Jasper Jottings 2000-12-16 (from home)

I have changed my email address.

Old address  <privacy invoked>

New address  <privacy invoked>

Please make this change in your files.  I look forward to continue receiving this newsletter.

Rich Zuccaro
Queensbury, NY 12804
Class of 1974

[JR: Done. Thanks for the kind words.]



[Email 4]

Subject: Out of Office AutoReply: Jasper Jottings 2000-12-23 (from home)
Date: Sun, 23 Dec 2001 11:08:43 -0500
From: Chiaffitelli, Andrea E (1986 BEEE)

Andrea Chiaffitelli is out sick today without access to e-mail.  She will return your message as soon as possible.  

[JR: Hope you feel better.]



[Email 5]

From: John E. Keilly
Subject: RE: Jasper Jottings 2000-12-23 (from home)
Date: Sun, 23 Dec 2001 13:22:22 -0500

Dear John:

The quality of mercy is not strained by Gen. Schwartzkopf's response:

In a recent interview, General Norman Schwartzkopf was asked if he didn't think there was room for forgiveness toward the people who have harbored and abetted the terrorists who perpetrated the 9/11 attacks on America. His answer was classic Schwartzkopf. He said, "I believe that forgiving them is God's function. Our job is simply to arrange the meeting."

Merry Christmas to all!

John Keilly
BME, 1970

[JR: Well, it’s soldier’s job to kill people and break things. I don’t think we should cede the issue of moral leadership to the general. I just point out that “arranging all these meetings” might not have been needed if we had tended to our knitting. Our government sees its role differently than I do. If it had been tending to its constitutional duties “provide for the common defense”, then it would not have time for these other “nice things to do”.]



[Email 6]

From: La Blanc, Robert E. (1956 BEE)
Date: Sun, 23 Dec 2001 13:49:48 EST
Subject: De La Salle Dinner


The De La Salle dinner is January 17th


[JR: Correction noted, thanks]



[Email 7]

Date: Sun, 23 Dec 2001 14:01:09 -0500
From: Robert Helm
Subject: RE: Jasper Jottings 2000-12-23 (from home)

Good Afternoon, John:

1. First, A merry Christmas and a Holy, Healthy and Happy New Year.

2. After 9-11, the normal greeting for 25 December seems somewhat misleading.

3. Mr. Fay has a perfect argument/response to his Irish ‘friends’ when they start the psuedo-liberal, quisling blather about our/my responsibility for 9-11. Ask them if they saw G.W. Bush, with T. Blair standing by his shoulder, promising on September 12 to kill terrorists wherever they were to be found and to destroy the countries which harbor them. Then ask them when the ‘smart bombs’ start falling on Dublin and London for protecting the I.R.A., the Orange Order, the “B-Specials” and mail-order minister Ian Paisley who they are going to blame and what are they going to do.

4. I watch “Questions for the Prime Minister” on C-Span whenever I get the chance and T. Blair repeated G.W. almost word for word and none of the ’Prods’ in the House of Commons disagreed.

5. Are they all so darn dumb that they think that no one listening or watching has a memory of Drohega or the Flight of the Earls or of the screwball who led The Charge of the Light Brigade destroying his Catholic tenants homes so he could make a park after his return from the Crimea or the Black and Tan hooligans? I could go on but most of my fellow alumni/ae who write to you are Engineers not Arts, and History ‘bores’ most of them.

6. Sorry, Mr. Fay pushed the soapbox up against my keyboard. Normally I sign off with my Christian name and my business card device. This time, however, and for the record I will sign off respectfully, LCDR Robert A. Helm, USNR(RET).

Robert A. Helm

[JR: Hey, hey, no nasty remarks about us engineers. We like history. It tells us where we built things. It’s all those extra words we don’t need. You guys could spice history up if you could put in a few equations. Look what the economists did with our same suggestion to them.]



[Email 8]

Date: Sun, 23 Dec 2001 18:24:03 -0500
From: Pierce Power (1950 BA)
Subject: Temporary discontinuance

John: As I will be going to my Florida home for the winter please drop me until I return in the Spring>I will notify you. I enjoy your comments and opinions

[JR: Done. See you in the spring? ]



[Email 9]

From: Ken Kavanagh
Subject: Re: Manhattan Alum-Kenneth Kavanagh
Date: Tue, 25 Dec 2001 01:53:35 +0000

Just wanted to drop you a Christmas card that my fiancé made.

Thanks again for all your help. I will give you a call after the holidays.

Merry Christmas,
Kenneth Kavanagh

[JR: Your welcome to whatever help I can be. Thanks for the card. Good luck and happy days.]



[Email 10]

From: Orawiec, Frank
Subject: WSJ ARTICLE - 24 DECEMBER 2001
Date: Mon, 24 Dec 2001 10:37:33 -0500


I thought that you would enjoy this editorial. Thanks for all of your work and effort to keep fellow Jaspers informed about our Alma Mater and each other.

In Hoc Anno Domini

When Saul of Tarsus set out on his journey to Damascus the whole of the known world lay in bondage. There was one state, and it was Rome. There was one master for it all, and he was Tiberius Caesar. Everywhere there was civil order, for the arm of the Roman law was long. Everywhere there was stability, in government and in society, for the centurions saw that it was so.

But everywhere there was something else, too. There was oppression – for those who were not the friends of Tiberius Caesar. There was the tax gatherer to take the grain from the fields and the flax from the spindle to feed the legions or to fill the hungry treasury from which divine Caesar gave largess to the people. There was the impressor to find recruits for the circuses. There were executioners to quiet those whom the Emperor proscribed. What was a man for but to serve Caesar?

There was the persecution of men who dared think differently, who heard strange voices or read strange manuscripts. There was enslavement of men whose tribes came not from Rome, disdain for those who did not have the familiar visage. And most of all, there was everywhere a contempt for human life. What, to the strong, was one man more or less in a crowded world?

Then, of a sudden, there was a light in the world, and a man from Galilee saying, Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's. And the voice from Galilee, which would defy Caesar, offered a new Kingdom in which each man could walk upright and bow to none but his God. Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. And he sent this gospel of the Kingdom of Man into the uttermost ends of the earth.

So the light came into the world and the men who lived in darkness were afraid, and they tried to lower a curtain so that man would still believe salvation lay with the leaders.

But it came to pass for a while in divers places that the truth did set man free, although the men of darkness were offended and they tried to put out the light. The voice said, Haste ye. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness come upon you, for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.

Along the road to Damascus the light shone brightly. But afterward Paul of Tarsus, too, was sore afraid. He feared that other Caesars, other prophets, might one day persuade men that man was nothing save a servant unto them, that men might yield up their birthright from God for pottage and walk no more in freedom.

Then might it come to pass that darkness would settle again over the lands and there would be a burning of books and men would think only of what they should eat and what they should wear, and would give heed only to new Caesars and to false prophets. Then might it come to pass that men would not look upward to see even a winter's star in the East, and once more, there would be no light at all in the darkness.

And so Paul, the apostle of the Son of Man, spoke to his brethren, the Galatians, the words he would have us remember afterward in each of the years of his Lord:

Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ has made us free and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

This editorial was written in 1949 by the late Vermont Royster and has been published annually since.




[Email 11]

Date: Mon, 24 Dec 2001 11:36:21 -0500
From: kevin keating
Subject: Re: Jasper Jottings 2000-12-23 (from home)


After reading your editorial comments on the 9/11 situation and John Fay's report, I think you would fit in better in Dublin.

Kevin Keating, '64 B.Ch. E.

[JR: The great Easter sages believed that those who fail to learn “lessons” are doomed to repeat the experience until the lesson is learned. If we had been tending to “defense”, we would not have needed all this “offense”. That doesn’t excuse those who would attack us. It doesn’t excuse us from our obligation to defend ourselves all the time., not just when it is convient.]



[Email 12]

Date: Wed, 26 Dec 2001 17:15:21 -0500
From: Colavita, Michael P. (1967 BEE)
Subject: New address, telephone numbers, etc.

To my friends at Bombardier:

Well here's the latest update of my addresses, telephone numbers, etc. Please feel free to share with anyone at Bombardier that I might have missed.




[Email 13]

From: John Keilly (1970)
Subject: New E-Mail Address-John Keilly
Date: Wed, 26 Dec 2001 15:48:57 -0500

I am delighted to report that my Intermittent Service Provider, BigNet, has been bought out by <privacy invoked>.   Effectively immediately, you should send E-mail to me at:

<privacy invoked> 

Please update you address book accordingly.  Bignet will pile in on 31 December 2001 and, after that, mail sent to my Bignet address will not be delivered.

Wishing you health, happiness and prosperity in 2001!

John Keilly



[Email 14]

From: McLeod, Don M
Subject: RE: Jasper Jottings 2000-12-23 (from home)
Date: Wed, 26 Dec 2001 13:08:26 -0500


Merry Christmas and Happy New Year.  I hope this message finds you well.  I am glad you found a job and hope you keep it for a long time.  You seem to have mellowed since starting the job.  It may just be you don't have any spare time.

I wanted to comment on the story from John Fay.  I listen everyday to Galway Bay FM on the internet and I can assure him the folks in the west of Ireland understand and support the American and World's response to 9/11/01.  I was surprised to read John's account of what he experienced but as I remembered comments on the 12/20 Keith Finnegan Show I began to appreciate the fact that even in Ireland the press doesn't give the whole story.  Fr. Groeschel was talking about the work he was doing at ground zero and his new book "The Cross at Ground Zero" and Keith had not heard about the Cross even thought it had gotten a lot of press here.  The folks in Galway experienced the loss and the radio station routinely contacts folks in NY to learn about what is going on.  I think this has resulted in the attitude.  I like to listen to news from around the world to get different views.  It always amazes me at what the press in this country does and does not cover and if it is covered the slant that is placed on a story.  Even though we have a free press, it doesn't have to be fair or balanced.  The press does have a major impact of what people believe.  It would be nice if press reports came with a warning or disclosure telling us what the real agenda was. 

From another point of view, our oldest son is attending the University of Dundee in Scotland this year. No he is not a Manhattan student. None of my children followed me. :-(   He has found a lot of support not only among the Scots but also other European and students from India.  He was working for the summer with a company that did the structural analysis of the building that were damaged and besides witnessing the collapse from across the river he saw more than I wanted.  He was gladden by the support he saw.  He did notice that some students from the middle east left school early in October. Nothing was said about their departure but he believed it was a result of Great Britain cracking down on visas.  There is not a free press in Great Britain and there are less freedom.  If the British government kicks out people they don't want in the country there is no big outcry as the press doesn't report it. 

I agree that a National ID card will not give any security.  Anything we can make can be forged, we can only make it harder. Why not require everyone to get a passport? If the government agencies enforced the rules that are currently on the books, we would have more security.  I am not willing to give up freedom in exchange for the perception of security.  Remember this government is supposed to be "of the people and by the people and for the people."   If we expect the government to do more "for us", we are forgetting that the government is supposed to be us!

Oh well I guess the soap box is contagious, no I am not a Libertarian but our alma mater taught me to think and not follow anything blindly.

Keep up the good work.

Don McLeod  BEE 1974


[JR: Mellowed? Last weeks comment received four “good” responses that penetrated my sensibilities. Careful if you keep thinking for yourself, you’ll be a Libertarian before you know it. Thanks for your good wishes and I hope Jottings lives up to everyone’s expectations in 2002. I have had to redo my processes to fit in some work time. ;-) ]



[Email 15]

Date: Thu, 27 Dec 2001 16:20:21 -0500
From: Plumeau, Ed (1952A)
Subject: Resume

About the "Jasper Jottings" resume for Mark M. Boland:  I asked a contact about it and he advises Shell Oil's London, England, office.  He says to check Shell's web site.  Don't try the Houston office -- it's full of ex-Enronners and the NYC office is just full.  My prayers and best wishes for Mark

 Ed Plumeau, '52A





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A Final Thought


“December 27, 2001 -- A pack of five snarling dogs attacked two people on a Queens boardwalk yesterday - gouging the eye out of one victim and mauling the other until two good Samaritans intervened, police said.”

How about this for a story where the lack of the Right to Keep And Bear Arms causes serious injury? Not all the predators we have to be concerned about are on two legs. I seriously doubt that this attack would have been as bad if either jogger was carrying a small defensive side arm. This fellow may now be blind and lose an arm because of the unconstitutional gun control policies of the People's Republic of New York.

This is a sad event in American history because people can’t even protect themselves from wild dogs, let alone criminals, and by extension all the things that would do us harm.

There’s a reason why the handgun was called the “Great Equalizer” by Sam Colt.

And that’s the last word.